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Turabian Citation Style Overview

If you know what Turabian is, you deserve a pat on the back. This citation style is used for history, economics and other social science disciplines. It is extremely similar to CMS, with only a few slight differences. Please make sure to follow this guide precisely. 

The differences between Turabian and Chiago are minimal, but significant. The biggest difference is in how footnotes are numbered. 

Title Page

Turabian Style Title Page

References Page

Turabian Style Bibliography Page

Turabian Footnotes

Turabian footnotes are identical to Chicago footnotes, with a few minor differences. The numbering of footnotes is different, with Turabian using superscript for endnotes and footnotes. The number of the citation will be in superscript outside of the quote, and the corresponding footnote or endnote will use standard CSM structure and format.

Turabian In-text Citation ExampleHowever, Powell maintains that it is important to note that the Court did not decide against the University because of its adherence to affirmative action, but rather "the way in which the school carried out its admission process, setting aside 16 of 100 spots for Blacks, Chicanos, Asians, and American Indians."1
Turabian Footnote Example: Printed Book, One Author1. Granger G. Powell, Diversity in Universities: A History (Las Vegas: Ultius Publishing, 2004), 65. 
Turabian Footnote Example: Printed Book, Shortened Citation2. Powell, Diversity in Universities, 65. 

Sample Footnotes

Turabian Style Footnote Page

Turabian Bibliography

Turabian bibliographies must be alphabetized by authors' last names. The first line of entry is on the left margin, with all additional lines indented by either half an inch or 5 spaces. The format is identical to footnotes, except alphabetized with the author's name in inverse order. Bibliography entries are single-spaced, with double-spacing between entries. Occasionally, professors may require double-spacing throughout both entries and between different entries.

Turabian Style Bibliography Page

Turabian Files and Downloads

The following table lists all of our available templates, guides and supplemental materials.

AssetFile TypeDownload
Turabian TemplateMS Word 2007/8.docx file
Sample Turabian PaperPDF.pdf file

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