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Chicago (CMS) Citation Style Overview

Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a usually used for history papers and can be a bit trickier. Please make sure to differentiate whether the client asks for footnotes or endnotes. Footnotes belong at the bottom of each page and endnotes are at the end of the paper. Please refer to the uploaded guides for a detailed explanation of all formatting guidelines.

Footnotes are used by authors to cite a source at the bottom of each page. This method makes is simpler for readers to understand where a given source comes from. However, papers with a large number of footnotes may distract the reader from the material on the page and occupy too much space. Endnotes are citations at the end of a paper, and can help save space. However, they make it more difficult for readers to easily access your sources.  

Title Page

The Title Page of a CMS paper must have a centered title one third of the way down the page, the author's name and applicable class information, and date. 

Chicago Style Title Page



The Bibliography/References page of a CMS paper must be labeled either "Bibliography" (if you use Notes & Bibliography style), or "References" (if you use Author-date style). Leave two blank lines between "References" and the first entry of the page, and leave a single blank link between entries. With author's names in inverse order, alphabetize them. 

Chicago Style References Page




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